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Appendix 5

Selected Bibliography on Certification Authorities and Digital Signature Reference Material

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Theodore Sedgwick Barassi, "The CyberNotary: Public Key Registration and Certification and Authentication of International Legal Transactions," available at http://www.intermarket.com/ecl/cybrnote.html.

Michael S. Baum and Henry H. Perritt, Electronic Contracting, Publishing and EDI Law (1991).

Michael S. Baum, Federal Certification Authority Liability and Policy (1994). (Published by the U.S. Department of Commerce's National Technical Information Service as Report No. PB94-191202.)

C. Bradford Biddle, "Misplaced Priorities: The Utah Digital Signature Act and Liability Allocation in a Public Key Infrastructure", 33 San Diego Law Review (1996), available at http://www.SoftwareIndustry.org/issues/docs-org/digsig.pdf.

Santosh Chokhani and Warwick Ford, "The Certificate Policy and Certification Practice Statement Framework," November 3, 1996, available at http://csrc.ncsl.nist.gov/pki/.

Carl M. Ellison, "Establishing Identity Without Certification Authorities," July 22, 1996, available at http://www.clark.net/pub/cme/usenix.html.

Paul Fahn, "Answers to Frequently Asked Questions about Today's Cryptography, Version 2.0" (September 20, 1993), available at http://www.rsa.com/pub/faq/faq.asc.

Federal Security Infrastructure Program, NII Federal Information Security Infrastructure Program Management Office Action Plan, October 17, 1995, available at http://www.gsa.gov/fsi/action.htm.

A. Michael Froomkin, "The Essential Role of Trusted Third Parties in Electronic Commerce", 75 Oregon L. Rev. 49 (1996), available at http://www.law.miami.edu/~froomkin/articles/trusted.htm.

Randy Gainer, "Allocating the Risk of Loss for Bank Card Fraud on the Internet", John Marshall Journal of Computer & Information Law (Fall 1996).

Michael J. Ganley, "Digital Signatures and Their Uses," 13 Computers & Security 385 (1994).

Information Security Committee of the Science and Technology Section of the American Bar Association, Digital Signature Guidelines. October 5, 1995 draft available at http://www.state.ut.us/ccjj/digsig/dsut-gl.htm. See also April 16, 1996 and August 1, 1996 drafts.

Interagency Working Group on Cryptography Policy, Enabling Privacy, Commerce, Security and Public Safety in the Global Information Infrastructure, May 20, 1996, available at http://www.epic.org/crypto/key_escrow/white_paper.html.

International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) Report, Uniform International Authentication and Certification Practices [not publicly available]

International Telecommunications Union Recommendation X.509 (November, 1993). See http://www.itu.ch/itudoc/itu-t/rec/x.html for more information.

Internetworking Public Key Certification Infrastructure for Europe (ICE-TEL) Project Programme, dated October 1, 1995, available at http://www.darmstadt.gmd.de/TKT/security/ice/public.html[link down as of October 2, 1996]

Steven T. Kent, "Internet Privacy Enhanced Mail," 36:8 Communications of the ACM 48 (1993).

Brian Miller, "How to Sign on the Digital Line," Government Technology, June 1995, available at http://www.govtech.net/1995/gt/jun/features/elec.htm.

MITI Report [not available]

National Institute of Standards and Technology, Digital Signature Standard, May 19, 1994, available at http://www.nist.gov/itl/csl/fips/fips186.txt.

Dr. Jim K. Omura, "Digital Signatures and Certificates," available at http://www.cylink.com/products/security/digsig/.

Henry H. Perritt, Jr., "Cyberpayment Infrastructure," 1996 J. Online L. art. 6, available at http://www.wm.edu/law/publications/jol.

Bernard D. Reams, Jr., Electronic Contracting Law: EDI and Business Transactions (1996-97 Ed.).

Bruce Schneier, E-Mail Security: How to Keep Your Electronic Messages Private 98 (1995).

Bruce Schneier, Applied Cryptography: Protocols, Algorithms, and Source Code in C (2d ed. 1996).

Standards Australia, Strategies for the Implementation of a Public Key Authentication Framework (PKAF) in Australia, SAA MP75--1996.

UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce, available at http://eclips.osc.edu/eclips/undocs/model_law.html.

Utah Digital Signature Act Illustrations, available at http://www.state.ut.us/ccjj/digsig/dsut-egs.htm.

Utah Digital Signature Act Tutorial on Digital Signatures, available at http://www.state.ut.us/ccjj/digsig/dsut-tut.htm.

VeriSign Certification Practice Statement, Version 1.1 (August 22, 1996), available at ftp://ftp.verisign.com/repository/CPS.

Peter N. Weiss, "Security Requirements and Evidentiary Issues in the Interchange of Electronic Documents: Steps Towards Developing a Security Policy," 12 J. Marshall J. Computer & Info. L. 425 (1993).

Benjamin Wright, The Law of Electronic Commerce (2d Ed. 1995).

Other Useful Digital Signature Resources

CommerceNet PKI Task Force: http://www.commerce.net/work/taskforces/pki/pki.html.

Florida Department of State: http://www.dos.state.fl.us/digsig/index.html.

Georgia Digital Signature Task Force: http://www.cc.emory.edu/BUSINESS/gds.html.

Kaye Caldwell's Digital Signature page: http://www.SoftwareIndustry.org/software/issues/digsig.htm.

Matrix of State Laws: http://www.magnet.state.ma.us/itd/legal/matrix10.htm.

Digital Signature Legislation (current to November 15, 1996)

United States

Arizona Revised Statutes §41-121. Effective April 18, 1996.

California AB 1577. Enacted.

Connecticut General Statutes §19a-25a.

1996 Delaware Laws Ch. 509. Enacted July 12, 1996.

Florida Senate Bill 942. Became law May 25, 1996.

Georgia Digital Signature Act. Pending.

Hawaii Senate Bill 2401. Passed June 17, 1996.

Idaho House Bill 515. Enacted March 1, 1996.

Illinois House Bill 3394. Pending.

Iowa §48A.13. Passed 1995.

Kentucky House Bill 422. Pending.

Louisiana Revised Statutes Annotated §40:2144 (1995).

Massachusetts Electronic Record and Signature Act.

Michigan Senate Bill 939. Pending.

New Mexico Digital Signature Regulations. Proposed.

New York Senate Bill 7420. Pending.

Oregon Senate Bill 992. Died.

Rhode Island House Bill 8125. Pending.

Utah Digital Signature Act.

Washington Senate Bill 6423. Enacted March 29, 1996.


Proposed amendments to Articles 14 and 28 of France Law no 90-1170 of December 29, 1990.

Proposed German Digital Signature Law.

Relevant Non-Digital Signature Specific Legal Resources

Uniform Commercial Code Article 2, available at http://www.law.cornell.edu/ucc/2/.

ProCD, Inc. v. Zeidenberg, available at http://zeus.bna.com/e-law/cases/procd.html.

Proposed Uniform Commercial Code Article 2B, available at http://www.lawlib.uh.edu/ucc2b/.

Ultramares Corp. v. Touche. Not available on the Internet.

Magnuson-Moss Act, 15 U.S.C. §§2301-12, available starting at http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/15/2301.html.

United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods, available at http://itl.irv.uit.no/trade_law/documents/sales/cisg/art/.

E.U. Directive on Unfair Contract Terms. Not available on the Internet.

E.U. Directive on Products Liability. Not available on the Internet.

Electronic Funds Transfer Act, 15 U.S.C. §1693 et seq., available starting at http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/15/1693.html.

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